skip to Main Content

Metal Buildings

Metal Buildings for Industrial, Commercial and Agricultural

Read More

Metal Buildings Solution

Metal Buildings design from Havit Steel provides an optimized solution for your project. Our professional team is ready to serve any buildings. We can provide you with the most efficient design and construction plan, which is fast and smooth to complete construction for your steel building projects.

Metal Buildings
Steel Structure Building Industrial

Steel Structure Building

Compared with traditional buildings, steel structure building is a new building structure—the entire building made of steel. The structure mainly…

Steel Workshop Building Industrial

Steel Workshop Building

The steel structure workshop is a building used for industrial production. The industrial workshop includes production workshops, auxiliary production workshops,…

Steel Warehouse Building Industrial

Steel Warehouse Building

The steel structure warehouse building designed by Havit Steel provides customers with ideal storage and cargo management solutions. The prefab…

Prefab Metal Building Industrial

Prefab Metal Building

Prefab metal building is customized steel structures according to customers' architectural and structural requirements. All components are produced in the…

Steel Aircraft Hangar Building Commercial

Steel Aircraft Hangar Building

Havit Steel manufactures customized Steel Aircraft Hangar Building, which use to protect and maintain small and large aircraft. Our metal…

Steel Structure Frame Building Commercial

Steel Structure Frame Building

The Steel Structure Frame Building is composed of steel beams and steel columns. The steel frame can withstand the vertical…

Metal Structure Garage Kits Commercial

Metal Structure Garage Kits

The garage is an essential part of your property. Now almost every family has a car. The durable Metal Structure…

Steel Structure Livestock Buildings Agricultural

Steel Structure Livestock Buildings

Many farmers choose steel structures to build livestock buildings. Because steel structure livestock buildings with the advantage of low maintenance…

Metal Structure Warehouse Buildings Industrial

Metal Structure Warehouse Buildings

Metal Structure Warehouse Buildings can better meet the needs of cargo storage and logistics turnover because steel structure buildings have…

Steel Structure Workshop Industrial

Steel Structure Workshop

The steel structure workshop is a new type of building structure system. The kind of building structure system is a…

Steel Structure Warehouse Industrial

Steel Structure Warehouse

The main load-bearing component of a steel structure warehouse is a steel frame, including steel columns and roof beams. After…

Steel Manufacturing Building Industrial

Steel Manufacturing Building

The steel building design from Havit Steel is an effective solution for steel manufacturing buildings. Every manufacturing business requires a…

Metal Buildings Specification

The metal buildings uses steel to form a load-bearing structure. Generally, beams, columns, trusses, and other components made of section steel and steel plates constitute a load-bearing structure, which together with roof, wall, and floor, form a building.

Compared with traditional concrete buildings, metal structure buildings use steel plates or section steel instead of reinforced concrete, higher strength, and better seismic resistance. And because the components can be manufactured in factories and installed on-site, the construction period is greatly reduced. Due to the reusability of steel, it can greatly reduce construction waste and become more environmentally friendly. Therefore, it is widely used in industrial buildings and civil buildings all over the world.

1. Greatly save construction time. Construction is not affected by the season
2. Increase the use area of buildings, reduce construction waste and environmental pollution
3. Building materials can be reused, stimulating the development of other new building materials industries
4. Good seismic performance, easy to transform, flexible and convenient in use, bringing comfort and so on
5. High strength, lightweight, high safety and wealth of components, and lower building cost

1. Heat-resistant and non-fire-resistant, fire-resistant coatings are required
2. It is susceptible to corrosion, and the surface needs to be coated with anti-corrosion coatings to reduce or avoid corrosion and increase durability

Metal Building Kits

Steel Building Kits design from Havit Steel with advantage of Fast and Simple Construction, Wide Range Of Uses, Reasonable Cost, lower price than concrete building structure.

Metal Cladding System

Metal cladding system includes wall and roof cladding, skylight sheet, trim and flashing, gutter and downspout, insulation, which are essential components of metal building.

Steel Building Specs

Steel Building Specification provide the basic information about the Prefab Steel Building, which include Steel Warehouse, Industrial Workshop, Shed, and Garage Building.

We Are Here To Serve Any Type Of Metal Buildings

Please contact us. There’s a lot we can do for your steel building projects, small or large. Our team will provide you with the best quality construction solution


Portal Steel Frame Buildings is the most common structure system. It widely used in light steel buildings such as warehouses, workshops, sheds, garages.

The portal steel frame is a lightweight building system; it is a solid web or lattice portal frame as the main load-bearing framework, composed of welded H-shaped (equal or variable cross-section), hot-rolled H-shaped steel, or cold-formed thin-walled steel. Cold-formed thin-wall steel (C or Z-shaped) use as purlins and wall girt; corrugated metal sheets are used for roofs and walls; use polystyrene foam, rigid polyurethane foam, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, etc., as heat preservation and heat insulation materials, and appropriately set up bracing system.

Compared with the reinforced concrete structure. The portal steel frame has the advantages of a lightweight, high rigidity, flexible design, reasonable force, and convenient construction.

Form of Rigid Frame

The portal frame structure has various forms: single-span, double-span, high-low-span, and multi-span, a single ridge, multiple ridge, or single slope, double slope, multiple slopes, flat slope, etc. Single-span rigid frames are mostly used in buildings with low lateral space requirements. Generally, the span is 18-36m. Welded or rolled H-shaped sections are often used. The position and height of variable-section beams and columns are determined according to the bending distance diagram and span. The multi-span rigid frame is suitable for large buildings, and its cross-section is similar to a single-span rigid frame, but the center column generally adopts equal cross-section. At present, the maximum span of the portal frame has reached 72m.

The composition of Portal Steel Frame Buildings

1. Primary framing: transverse rigid frames (including middle and end rigid framing), floor beams, crane beams, support systems, etc.
2. Secondary framing: roof purlin and wall girt, etc.
3. Envelope structure: roof and wall panels;
4. Auxiliary structures: stairs, platforms, handrails, etc .;
5. Foundation.

Steel columns, roof beams, and bracing systems constitute the primary force skeleton of the portal steel frame. It is the primary framing.
Roof purlins and wall girt not only support the roof and walls but also provide lateral support for the main structural beams and columns, which form the secondary framing of portal steel frame buildings.
The roof and wall panel serves as envelope and closure of the entire structure, while also increasing the overall stiffness of the steel buildings.

The span of the portal frame usually is 9~36m. When the widths of the side columns are not equal, their outer sides should be aligned.

The average height of the portal frame should be 4.5~9.0mm. When there is an overhead crane, it should not be greater than 12m.

The spacing of the portal frame, that is, the longitudinal distance between the axis of the column grid, should be 6-9m.
The length of the overhang can be determined according to the application requirements and should be 0.5~1.2m.

The structural system of the portal steel frame buildings:

1.Transverse load-bearing structure:

1)The composition of the transverse load-bearing structure includes steel roof beams, steel columns, and foundation);
2)Transverse load-bearing structure supports and transfers vertical and horizontal loads.

2. Longitudinal Frame Structure :

1)Composition of longitudinal frame structure includes longitudinal columns, crane beams, wall bracing, rigid tie beam and foundation)
2)Ensure the longitudinal rigidity and stability of the buildings;
3)Transmit and bear the longitudinal wind load, the longitudinal horizontal loading of the crane, the thermal stress, and the seismic acting on the gable at the end of the building and roof.

3. Roof structure

1)Roof panel: It can bear the vertical load and horizontal wind load acting on the roof panel. Generally, it uses a single color metal sheet or sandwich panel.

2)Purlin: Support structure of roof panel, which can bear the vertical load and horizontal wind load transmitted from the roof panel. 3)Rigid frame beam: The primary load-bearing members mainly bear the self-weight of the roof structure and the live load transmitted from the roof panel.

4.Wall structure

1)Exterior wall panels: vertical and gable wall. Mainly bear wind load. It uses a single color metal sheet or sandwich panel.
2)Wall girt: bearing the vertical and horizontal wind load transmitted by the wall panel.

5. Bracing

Type: Roof horizontal bracing, wall bracing.
1)Roof horizontal bracing: enhance the overall rigidity of the roof. It consists of a roof cross bracing, tie beam, and fly bracing.
2)Wall bracing: It uses to improve the stability of the wall frame structure

1)Enhancing the spatial rigidity of the building structure
2)Guaranteed structural stability
3)Transmit wind load, crane brake load and seismic load to the load-bearing members

External loads act directly on the envelope — vertical and lateral loads transmitted to the lateral portal frame of the primary structure through the secondary structure. The portal frame relies on its stiffness to resist external effects. Longitudinal wind loads transferred to the foundation through roof and wall bracing.

The structural layout of Portal Steel Frame Buildings

The span and column spacing of the portal steel frame mainly determined according to the building requirements. The main issues to consider in the architectural design are the determination of the temperature interval and the layout of the bracing system.

Considering the temperature effect, the length of the longitudinal temperature section of the portal steel frame buildings should not exceed 300m, and the transverse temperature section not exceed 150m. If the size exceeds the temperature section, it should arrange the temperature expansion joint. Temperature expansion joints can realize by setting double columns or adjusting the secondary framing.

The main principles of the Bracing arrangement are as follows:

1. The distance between bracing is generally 30m-40m and should not exceed 60m

2. The horizontal roof bracing and the wall bracing arranged between the same column, it uses to ensure the formation of a geometrically unchanged system and improve the overall stiffness of the building structure;
3. If the roof bracing arranged between the second columns, rigid tie bars should arrange between the first columns.

5. The 45 ° inclined bar can most effectively transfer horizontal loads. When the angle of the single-layer bracing member is too large due to the high column, the double-layer or three-layer wall bracing should set;

6. Rigid tie bars shall provide at the turning points such as the column tops and roof ridges. Longitudinal rigid tie bars shall provide at the structure longitudinally at the bracing truss nodes;

7. The rigid tie bar of the portal steel frame buildings can use the purlin at the corresponding position. The tie bar provided when the stiffness or bearing capacity is insufficient.

Installation sequence of portal steel structure:

1. Install the steel column
First, fix the anchor bolts, and the steel column is set on the foundation by connecting with the anchor bolts.

2. Install the tie beam between the steel columns.

3. Assemble the steel beam
Steel beams should be combined with high-strength bolts on the ground and assembled.

4. Install the purlin between the two roof trusses to form a stable frame system.

Installation sequence: start with the two rigid frames supported between columns near the gable. Install purlin, bracing, and fly bracing, etc.

Starting from the two rigid frames, install them in sequence toward the other end of the house.

Factors of Portal Steel Frame Buildings that consider in the design:

1.Regulations on the load value

Dead load

The Design software generates the self-weight of the portal steel frame buildings. A load of roof, purlin, bracing, and other loads added to the steel frame was calculated according to the actual design. Corrugated single color sheet and sandwich panel could use as the roof or wall panel. The Insulation materials of the sandwich panel include polystyrene foam, polyurethane, rock wool, glass wool, etc.
The design should combine with specific materials to determine the roof and wall load.

Variable load

Variable loads include roof live load, ash load, crane load, seismic action, wind load, etc. The “Technical Specification for Portal Steel Frame Light Steel Structures” (CECS102: 2002) stipulates that the roof’s live load is 0.5 kN/M2. If ​​the load area is greater than 60M2, the reduction factor can multiply 0.6. So when calculating steel frame usually uses 0.3kn/m2.

2.Minimize the amount of steel

In the portal steel frame buildings, the steel consumption of primary steel frame and the purlin account for more than 90%. Under the same load conditions, the column spacing arrangement has a great influence on steel consumption.
Several statistical analyses show that the recommended column distance is 6-8m, and the span should not be greater than 36m. Purlins should be thin-walled C and Z type steel, while steel frames generally use H-shaped sections.

Back To Top